Chihuahua Breed Information

Chihuahua breed info NewDoggy.com

Chihuahua

The Chihuahua breed is considered to be the smallest pedigree dog in the world. The Chihuahua can be best described as affectionate, lively and courageous. Chihuahuas are also hard headed and can be difficult to manage if their owner is not good at asserting authority. These dogs get extremely attached to their owner, very often choosing a particular person in the house, shadowing the individual constantly and becoming increasingly suspicious of strangers.

Chihuahua breed attributes

About Chihuahua breed

Description

The Chihuahua is considered to be the smallest pedigree dog in the world. Chihuahuas have a characteristic apple shaped head with large, upright, pointy ears and a short muzzle that meets the skull at a sharp angle. A slightly upturned nose sits on the end of the muzzle, and a pair of large, expressive, round eyes are placed on opposite sides of a broad, rounded forehead. The mouth of the Chihuahua is rimmed by thin, tight fitting lips. The occlusion of the teeth and structure of the mandibles give rise to either a scissor bite or pincer bite.

The head is connected to a compact, well-built body by means of a slightly arched neck. The neck is usually thicker in males than in females, and should be covered by tight fitting skin. The presence of a mane is highly desirable in the long haired variety. The short back of a Chihuahua is straight throughout, ending in strongly muscled, broad hindquarters. The chest of a Chihuahua is both broad and deep, reaching down to the elbows but must never look barrel shaped.

The dog’s moderately long tail is set high on the dog’s hindquarters, and is carried high and in a curve or semicircle with the tip of the tail pointing at the dog’s loins. When at rest the tail is left hanging downward ending in a slight hook. The dog’s front limbs fall straight under to dogs body, while its muscular hind legs show moderate angulation at the hips, knees, and hocks never loosing harmony with the dog’s fore quarters.

Origin: Mexico

Look

Smooth-haired Chihuahuas have a very low maintenance, short coat that lies flat against their body. The hair is usually shorter on the face and ears while slightly longer on the neck and tail. The hair is also a bit sparse around the belly and throat. The Chihuahua’s soft, shiny coat can at times have an undercoat.

On the other hand long-haired Chihuahuas have longer silky coats that might need some taking care of. The coat might either be straight or have a slight wave and the undercoat must never be too thick. The longer parts of the coat form feathering on the dog’s ears, neck, tail and back of the legs. Daily brushing and an occasional visit to the groomer will keep the dog’s coat in good shape.

All coat colours are accepted except for merle. The Chihuahua is a moderate shedder.

Health

The Chihuahua breed is considered to be a long lived breed. However, there are a number of conditions that are associated with this breed. These are:

  • Luxating patella.
  • Dental disease.
  • Corneal dryness.
  • Secondary glaucoma.
  • Excessive weight gain.
  • Caesarean section.
  • Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis.

It is recommended that young dogs visit a veterinarian to get their knees examined in order to determine if they are prone to patellar luxation. Special care should be taken in order to properly manage a Chihuahua’s oral hygiene to avoid future health problems. It is suggested for Chihuahuas to be taken for a yearly check-up. This makes sure that some of the above conditions are caught at an early stage and prevent them from worsening through proper management and treatment.

At Newdoggy.com we promote puppies coming from reputable breeders, who use genetic testing and good breeding practices to remove genetic conditions from their breeding lines. Newdoggy.com’s Health Guarantee certifies that all promoted puppies are in good health.

Learning

It is suggested for Chihuahua to avoid over indulging these dogs since this very often leads to Small Dog Syndrome. Small Dog Syndrome is a sure fire way for the dog to assume control over different aspects of your life leading to a very unsatisfactory relationship with your dog.

The Chihuahua is a very intelligent dog that can learn very quickly. Chihuahuas are notorious for having a very strong will, defying anyone but the best of leaders. It is imperative to always use firm, positive reinforcement, allowing your dog to trust you. In order to thwart eventual behavioural problems, Chihuahuas should never be treated any differently than big dogs.

It would be ideal to start teaching a Chihuahua some basic commands as early as possible. House breaking could be difficult but perseverance is key. Chihuahuas also benefit a lot from obedience classes when of the right age. People that lead a busy lifestyle should consider acclimatizing these dogs to some hours of solitude in order to avoid separation anxiety issues when they have to stay alone.

Temperament

The Chihuahua breed can be best described as affectionate, lively and courageous.

Chihuahuas are also hard headed and can be difficult to manage if their owner is not good at asserting authority. These dogs get extremely attached to their owner, very often choosing a particular person in the house, shadowing the individual constantly and becoming increasingly suspicious of strangers. Due to this breed’s predisposition to jealousy, it is not suggested for these dogs to be housed with other dogs and small children. Doing so might result in the child getting bitten, or a violent altercation with other dogs resulting in the Chihuahua getting seriously injured. Well socialized and adequately trained Chihuahuas should not have these problems. Well balanced individuals should have no problem peacefully cohabiting with other animals and people.

Living with

Chihuahuas usually adapt to apartment life very easily. They would also do well in a house with an adequately sized garden but it is still required to take your Chihuahua for a daily walk. When your dog is outside be aware that birds of prey and other wild animals could seriously harm these dogs.

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Export Pedigree

In case you plan to breed your dog or participate in dog shows, it is necessary to transfer your dog’s original FCI registered pedigree to a kennel club in your country. We provide you with the option to export your dog’s pedigree which you can present to your kennel club to obtain a local registration.

Basic Socialization Training - The Puppy Preschool

In this Puppy Training programme, your puppy will receive one hour of training per day with our Expert Trainer. It is the ideal program for those who wish to welcome home a puppy that knows the very basics, but wishes to teach the hardier stuff themselves. Our Team will send you weekly updates on your puppy’s progress in the form of videos. At the end of the training, your puppy will receive a certificate as proof of completing the programme.

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This Training programme is extensive in nature. If you enrol your puppy in the Academy, your NewDoggy will live with the trainer for the duration of the program, being in training round-the-clock. By the end of this training, your puppy will be much better prepared to adapt to their new environment and you will have an easier time getting used to the newest member of your family. Our Team will send you updates on your puppy’s progress in the form of videos every 3 to 4 days. At the end of the training, your puppy will don a graduation cap and receive a certificate as proof of completing the programme.

Designer Fashion Grooming

Any long-coated puppy can be groomed to your preferred style. Just send us some sample photos, and our professional groomer will groom your puppy to that style just before he/she is sent to you. All our pups get baths, nail clipping, and ear cleaning. The Designer Fashion Grooming Service also includes basic grooming on departure preparation (but not limited to): bathing, hygiene trimming, nail clipping & ear cleaning.

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The following is needed to bring a puppy into Dubai:


  1. All dogs entering Dubai from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Dubai must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Dubai must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Dubai specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Dubai must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Dubai must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Dubai.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Abu Dhabi:


  1. All dogs entering Abu Dhabi from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Abu Dhabi must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Abu Dhabi specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Abu Dhabi must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Abu Dhabi.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Hong Kong:


  1. All dogs entering Hong Kong must be at least 3 months old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Hong Kong must be equipped with either a 9 or 15-digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Hong Kong must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Valid for up to 6 months.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Hong Kong specific vaccinations: Canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine parvovirus and rabies.
  5. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Hong Kong.
  6. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.
  7. Captain’s Affidavit – Document to be provided by the airline personnel confirming that your dog has not left its crate or interacted with other pets at any point during the journey.


* Hong Kong classifies countries into 3 groups. Vaccinations against rabies are only required from Groups 2 & 3.
  • Group 1: Rabies-free countries (at least 6 months of residency) Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Bailiwick of Jersey.
  • Group 2: Rabies-controlled (at least 4 months of residency) Austria, Bahrain, Bermuda, Canada, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Guam, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Vanuatu, Bahamas, Belgium, Brunei, Cayman Island, Denmark, France, Gibraltar, Iceland, Jamaica, Maldives, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands, USA (Continental), Virgin Islands.
  • Group 3: All other countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Switzerland:


  1. All pets entering Switzerland must be equipped with a 15-digit microchip that is compliant with ISO 11784/11785.
  2. Dogs must be vaccinated against distemper.
  3. Rabies vaccinations are mandatory. Dogs must receive their first rabies vaccine at least 21 days before entering the country.*
  4. The state veterinarian of the origin country must equip the dog with a valid Health Certificate.
  5. Import Permit – all dogs entering from a 3rd level rabies country must carry an import permit issued at least three weeks in advance. Entry points through Basel, Geneva, Zurich.
  6. Different regulations depending on whether it is a commercial purchase or individual and where the dog is coming from.


* Specifications differ for booster shots. ** Switzerland categorises countries by level of risk of rabies in three levels.
  • Level 1: All EU Member States and Andorra, Switzerland, Faeroe Islands, Gibraltar, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Northern Ireland, Norway, San Marino, Vatican City State.
  • Level 2 (Low Risk of Rabies): Ascension Island, United Arab Emirates, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Aruba, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda,Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Curaçao, Fiji, Falkland Islands, Great Britain (including Crown dependencies), Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Saint Lucia, North Macedonia, Montserrat, Mauritius, Mexico, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Russia, Singapore, Saint Helena, Sint Marteen, Trinidad and Tobago, Taiwan, United States of America, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna.
  • Level 3: All other countries are considered as having a high risk of rabies.
Travel Requirements