Presa Canario Breed Information

Presa Canairo breed info NewDoggy.com

Presa Canario

Everything about the Presa Canario gives off a certain aura of power. The Presa Canario is a very healthy breed, with no particular diseases associated with this breed of dog. Presa Canarios can be a tough nut to crack, but when you do get the results, these are very rewarding. These dogs can be aloof, and can come across as disinterested in what is going on around them. It is therefore important to use encouragement methods that will capture their interest and engage them in what you are trying to teach them. This dog is calm and attentive. This dog is very devoted to its family and is always willing to please. Presa Canarios are relatively inactive when indoors. It is therefore possible to house them in a flat, but adequate exercise must be provided every day.

Presa Canario breed attributes

About Presa Canario breed

Description

Everything about the Presa Canario gives off a certain aura of power. The dog’s head is massive, its body, equally so – slightly longer than it is wide, giving it a compact cube like appearance. It is draped in lose, thick skin that sits on its head ending in slightly drooping, pendulous jowls. The dental occlusion and structure of the maxilla and mandible are structured in such a way as to result in a scissor or slightly undershot (maximum 2mm) bite. A pincer bite would only wear out the dog’s teeth, and is therefore highly undesirable. Its oval eyes are reasonably set apart and tend to be of a dark to medium brown colour, depending on the pigmentation of the dog’s coat. The Presa Canario’s drooping ears sit slightly above eye level and are well set apart.

The neck of a Presa Canario is characteristically short, straight and thick and is shorter than the length of the head, adding to the Presa Canario’s solid look. The body is also relatively long with females looking proportionally longer than males. The chest is broad and deep, with a well sprung ribcage and very prominent pectoral muscles. It characteristic of the breed to have its croup slightly higher than its withers. Coming down to the level of the elbow, the thoracic cage gives an impression of great capacity. If the thoracic perimeter had to be measured, it should measure approximately one and a half times the height of the dog at its withers. The belly of the dog should be tucked and should never be sagging, giving it a very athletic look.

The tail is thick at its base, tapering to a point at the end. It should go no lower than the level of the hock. The tail is neither set high, nor low and should not form a curl or be held over the dog’s back. It is desirable for the tail to be held straight with only a slight curve at the tip.

The shoulders and front limbs should be set at a position and angle that results in a stable posture. It is desirable for the dog’s forearms to look adequately muscled and strong boned. The front legs of the dog should be held in a way for the elbows not to be held at a reasonable distance from the body. Cat like paws, rounded toes and dark pads and nails are also a characteristic this breed, and they surely contribute to the almost feline grace with which these dogs moves about.

Presa Canarios should have parallel, strong and muscular hind legs that do not support the dog at any exaggerated angles. Due to the croup normally being carried slightly higher than the withers, the hind limbs should be slightly longer than the dog’s front limbs.

Presa Canarios are agile and supple dogs, covering a lot of ground with their far reaching strides. While running, the tail is carried low and the head slightly higher than the back. It is when the dog is alert that the gait is changed with the head and tail both held high.

Origin: Canary Islands

Look

The dog’s thick and elastic skin is a reminder of its use as a herding dog and as a livestock guardian, often protecting the dog from the numerous hazards that it used to face while tending to their flocks. Excess, loose skin is present around the neck and head resulting in hanging jowls and dewlaps with this excess skin arranging itself in pronounced furrows around the dog’s eyes and forehead when it is particularly interested or worried about something.

The coat is flat and coarse, and is very short on the ears, while being longest at the withers and on the back of the dog’s thighs. As with many mastiff type breeds, the coat colour can come in different shades of brindle, fawn, and sandy as well as solid colours somewhere in between dark brown, to pale grey or blonde. Presa Canarios must have a black mask like pattern on their face. It is also allowed for dogs to have white markings on their chest.

Health

The Presa Canario is a very healthy breed, with no particular diseases associated with this breed of dog. Due to its large size, it is wise to take extra precautions by doing a hip score test to make sure that the dog will not suffer from hip dysplasia in the future. As with every other breed of dog, it is also suggested to take your Presa Canario to the vet for a yearly check-up, in order to make sure that your dog is in tip top condition. Large dog breeds, if not properly fed, often suffer from developmental problems and it is therefore suggested for prospective owners to speak to their puppy’s breeder to make sure that they know how to adequately feed their Presa puppies during the most delicate years.

Learning

Presa Canarios can be a tough nut to crack, but when you do get the results, these are very rewarding. These dogs can be aloof, and can come across as disinterested in what is going on around them. It is therefore important to use encouragement methods that will capture their interest and engage them in what you are trying to teach them. As with most other dog breeds, the most effective tool is food, closely followed by a favourite toy. It is also imperative for a dog of this size and aloofness to be taught its place in the family and their social environment. Dominance should be asserted by the family, establishing clear boundaries with a gentle hand. These dogs respond incredibly well to positive reinforcement, but like any other breed of dog can turn dangerous if mistreated or handled in a rough way.

Given the way this breed behaves, people often do the mistake of thinking that Presas are a bit dim. This couldn’t be further from the truth. If one understands how these dogs work, one is sure to have a very rewarding companion that is always ready to get into the thick of things and is also always ready to please. Activities such as obedience training, agility training, iron dog and other dog sports will help with further deepening the bond between the Presa Canario and its owner.

Temperament

This dog is calm and attentive. This dog is very devoted to its family and is always willing to please. Presa Canarios are a bit wary of strangers due to their guarding nature but with proper socialisation these dogs can learn to trust different people and adapt to any owner’s busy social life. Do not mistake wariness with lack of confidence. This breed, if a bit aloof, still is a very confident breed that holds itself with a certain noble bearing. It is understandable to think twice before housing a Presa Canarios with other pets, but contrary to popular belief these dogs usually do very well with dogs, cats and other pets.

There are, however, exceptions to the rule and given the strength and power of this dog breed, if things go wrong, they can go downhill very quickly.

Living with

Presa Canarios are relatively inactive when indoors. It is therefore possible to house them in a flat, but adequate exercise must be provided every day. It would therefore be ideal if the Presa Canario can have access to a reasonably sized yard.

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The following is needed to bring a puppy into Dubai:


  1. All dogs entering Dubai from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Dubai must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Dubai must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Dubai specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Dubai must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Dubai must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Dubai.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Abu Dhabi:


  1. All dogs entering Abu Dhabi from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Abu Dhabi must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Abu Dhabi specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Abu Dhabi must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Abu Dhabi.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Hong Kong:


  1. All dogs entering Hong Kong must be at least 3 months old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Hong Kong must be equipped with either a 9 or 15-digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Hong Kong must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Valid for up to 6 months.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Hong Kong specific vaccinations: Canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine parvovirus and rabies.
  5. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Hong Kong.
  6. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.
  7. Captain’s Affidavit – Document to be provided by the airline personnel confirming that your dog has not left its crate or interacted with other pets at any point during the journey.


* Hong Kong classifies countries into 3 groups. Vaccinations against rabies are only required from Groups 2 & 3.
  • Group 1: Rabies-free countries (at least 6 months of residency) Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Bailiwick of Jersey.
  • Group 2: Rabies-controlled (at least 4 months of residency) Austria, Bahrain, Bermuda, Canada, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Guam, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Vanuatu, Bahamas, Belgium, Brunei, Cayman Island, Denmark, France, Gibraltar, Iceland, Jamaica, Maldives, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands, USA (Continental), Virgin Islands.
  • Group 3: All other countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Switzerland:


  1. All pets entering Switzerland must be equipped with a 15-digit microchip that is compliant with ISO 11784/11785.
  2. Dogs must be vaccinated against distemper.
  3. Rabies vaccinations are mandatory. Dogs must receive their first rabies vaccine at least 21 days before entering the country.*
  4. The state veterinarian of the origin country must equip the dog with a valid Health Certificate.
  5. Import Permit – all dogs entering from a 3rd level rabies country must carry an import permit issued at least three weeks in advance. Entry points through Basel, Geneva, Zurich.
  6. Different regulations depending on whether it is a commercial purchase or individual and where the dog is coming from.


* Specifications differ for booster shots. ** Switzerland categorises countries by level of risk of rabies in three levels.
  • Level 1: All EU Member States and Andorra, Switzerland, Faeroe Islands, Gibraltar, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Northern Ireland, Norway, San Marino, Vatican City State.
  • Level 2 (Low Risk of Rabies): Ascension Island, United Arab Emirates, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Aruba, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda,Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Curaçao, Fiji, Falkland Islands, Great Britain (including Crown dependencies), Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Saint Lucia, North Macedonia, Montserrat, Mauritius, Mexico, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Russia, Singapore, Saint Helena, Sint Marteen, Trinidad and Tobago, Taiwan, United States of America, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna.
  • Level 3: All other countries are considered as having a high risk of rabies.
Travel Requirements