Norwegian Dog Breeds

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Norwegian Dog Breeds

Land of dark forests and high peaks, lit by the glow of the flickering Aurora, Norway is certainly one of the world’s most beautiful places. Norway also has the pride of having some of world’s most beautiful and unique dog breeds. From the polydactyl Lundehund to the sleek Hygen Hound, Norway offers some of the world’s most unique dog breeds.

Black Norwegian Elkhound

This Spitz-type breed is a variant of the Grey Norwegian Elkhound. As the name suggests, they have thick black fur, with a double coat to keep them warm in the chill of the northern winter. Black Norwegian Elkhounds have the typical compact build of a Spitz-type dog, with upright ears and a curly tail. The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a tough dog that can cope well in the cold and wet. They are excellent hunters, and were originally bred to hunt elk, moose, and bears. They aren’t just great working dogs; the Black Norwegian Elkhound is also a loving and loyal pet.

Dunker

The Dunker, or Norwegian Hound, is a medium sized dog breed that is descended from the Russian Harlequin Hound and Norwegian scent-hounds. The breed is named for its creator, Wilhelm Dunker, who wished to breed a scent-hound to hunt hares. This friendly, relaxed breed is very energetic, but if you’ve got the time to provide proper exercise, you will love the Dunker (though they have yet to gain popularity outside of Norway). The Dunker is of medium size, with floppy ears, a long head, and a somewhat sleek build. Their short but dense coat is typically blue or black, marbled with light fawn and white markings.

Eurohound

Strictly speaking, the Eurohound is not a breed but a type of dog. The Eurohound was created by crossing Alaskan Huskies with Pointers. This sleek dog looks like a Pointer but was actually bred for dog sled racing. By crossbreeding such different breeds, breeders hope to create a dog with hybrid vigour, inheriting the best traits from both of its parents. A first generation Eurohound is an ideal dog for sprint races.

Since Eurohound is a dog type rather than a dog breed, there is no uniform look for the dog. They tend to be medium sized dogs, often with half-dropped ears and patched markings.

Halden Hound

Named for its city of origin, the Halden Hound is a scent-hound from southern Norway. The breed was created by crossing local scent-hounds with Beagles and English Foxhounds. The Halden Hound was nearly destroyed due to an outbreak of Parvo and the Second World War, but was fortunately preserved by some breed enthusiasts.

These medium sized dogs are friendly and calm, and are excellent hunters. They resemble the American Foxhound, with their floppy ears and strong backs, but are much smaller, with white coats and darker patches.

Hygen Hound

The Hygen Hound is named after Hans Fredrik Hygen, who developed the breed in the 19th century. The goal was to create a dog with excellent endurance that could trudge tirelessly across the arctic terrain. Hygen’s sons then continued to breed these dogs. The Hygen Hound began as an offshoot of the Norwegian Hound, but eventually the two became separate breeds in 1902.

The Hygen Hound is a medium sized dog. Their shiny, short coat is typically red, but may also be chestnut or black with chestnut. White markings are common. The Hygen is a typical hound, with floppy ears , a broad skull, and a compact body. The breed has an independent but sweet temperament, and is both a good hunter and a gentle family dog.

Norwegian Buhund

Also called the Norwegian Sheepdog, this fuzzy dog is the descendant of the Vikings’ dogs. The Buhund was kept by homesteaders to herd livestock and as a watchdog. These hardy Spitz-type dogs could curl up in the barn to sleep, no matter the weather, and be back to work the next day. The Norwegian Buhund nearly went extinct in the early 1900s, but fortunately enthusiasts were able to save the breed. Although their numbers are still small, they may yet make a comeback and become popular outside of Norway.

The Norwegian Buhund is a medium sized dog with a square build, deep chest, and the typical Spitz-type curly tail and pointed ears. They are usually black or wheaten (ranging from orange to pale cream), often with a dark mask. The Norwegian Buhund is typically energetic and clever, and needs plenty of exercise to avoid destructive behaviours.

Norwegian Elkhound

Sometimes called the Grey Norwegian Elkhound (or Norsk Elghund in Norwegian), this ancient breed was bred to hunt elk and moose, though it could also turn its paw to bear and wolf hunting. The Norwegian Elkhound a very versatile breed, as it has been used over the centuries for hunting, guarding, tracking, herding, and defending. The breed excels at cornering or driving prey until the hunter arrives to shoot it, and as such, they are courageous, clever, and exceptionally tough.

The Norwegian Elkhound is a large, typical Spitz-type dog. They have the characteristic curly tail and triangular ears, combined with a luxurious double coat. Their fur is a mixture of grey, white, and black fur, giving the Elkhound a wolfish appearance.

Norwegian Lundehund

Far to the North, up in the Arctic Circle, are the Lofoten Islands: home of Norway’s most unique dog, the Lundehund. The Lundehund, or Puffin Dog, was bred to hunt Puffins. The dogs’ unique anatomy, such as their extra toes, meant that they could scale cliffs or crawl into caves to the Puffins’ nest. Although the breed nearly died out by the 1960s, the Lundehund was saved by supporters and breeders, who worked tirelessly to bring the breed back from the brink.

The Norwegian Lundehund is a medium sized Spitz-type dog, with a curled tail and foxy little ears. They are typically red-brown or fawn, with black-tipped hairs, though they can also be white with dark markings.   Their most unique features are their multiple toes (polydactylism), and incredible flexibility. These dogs are crafty and cunning; while very clever, they can be difficult to train, and tend to be mischievous.


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The following is needed to bring a puppy into Dubai:


  1. All dogs entering Dubai from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Dubai must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Dubai must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Dubai specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Dubai must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Dubai must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Dubai.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Abu Dhabi:


  1. All dogs entering Abu Dhabi from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Abu Dhabi must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Abu Dhabi specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Abu Dhabi must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Abu Dhabi.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Hong Kong:


  1. All dogs entering Hong Kong must be at least 3 months old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Hong Kong must be equipped with either a 9 or 15-digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Hong Kong must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Valid for up to 6 months.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Hong Kong specific vaccinations: Canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine parvovirus and rabies.
  5. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Hong Kong.
  6. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.
  7. Captain’s Affidavit – Document to be provided by the airline personnel confirming that your dog has not left its crate or interacted with other pets at any point during the journey.


* Hong Kong classifies countries into 3 groups. Vaccinations against rabies are only required from Groups 2 & 3.
  • Group 1: Rabies-free countries (at least 6 months of residency) Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Bailiwick of Jersey.
  • Group 2: Rabies-controlled (at least 4 months of residency) Austria, Bahrain, Bermuda, Canada, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Guam, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Vanuatu, Bahamas, Belgium, Brunei, Cayman Island, Denmark, France, Gibraltar, Iceland, Jamaica, Maldives, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands, USA (Continental), Virgin Islands.
  • Group 3: All other countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Switzerland:


  1. All pets entering Switzerland must be equipped with a 15-digit microchip that is compliant with ISO 11784/11785.
  2. Dogs must be vaccinated against distemper.
  3. Rabies vaccinations are mandatory. Dogs must receive their first rabies vaccine at least 21 days before entering the country.*
  4. The state veterinarian of the origin country must equip the dog with a valid Health Certificate.
  5. Import Permit – all dogs entering from a 3rd level rabies country must carry an import permit issued at least three weeks in advance. Entry points through Basel, Geneva, Zurich.
  6. Different regulations depending on whether it is a commercial purchase or individual and where the dog is coming from.


* Specifications differ for booster shots. ** Switzerland categorises countries by level of risk of rabies in three levels.
  • Level 1: All EU Member States and Andorra, Switzerland, Faeroe Islands, Gibraltar, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Northern Ireland, Norway, San Marino, Vatican City State.
  • Level 2 (Low Risk of Rabies): Ascension Island, United Arab Emirates, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Aruba, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda,Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Curaçao, Fiji, Falkland Islands, Great Britain (including Crown dependencies), Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Saint Lucia, North Macedonia, Montserrat, Mauritius, Mexico, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Russia, Singapore, Saint Helena, Sint Marteen, Trinidad and Tobago, Taiwan, United States of America, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna.
  • Level 3: All other countries are considered as having a high risk of rabies.
Travel Requirements