Puppyhood sicknesses

Puppyhood Sicknesses blog NewDoggy.com

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Puppyhood sicknesses

 

Getting a puppy should be a happy time: after all, you’re getting a new, very cute family member. Unfortunately, this happy time may be marred by the shadow of illness. Puppies’ immune systems aren’t as strong as those of adult dogs, who have had time to develop an immune system and also have the benefits of vaccination helping them. This means that puppies are more at risk of getting sick than adult dogs.

Keep in mind that with appropriate care and advice from your vet, your puppy can avoid most, or maybe even all, of these conditions. Here are some of the most common illnesses that can affect puppies.

Parvovirus

Parvo is one of the most dreaded canine illnesses, and with good reason. Parvo is often fatal for the afflicted dog. This virus is highly contagious, and is transmitted by contact with infected dogs, faeces or a contaminated surface (such as the ground). It is contracted orally, and moves into the bloodstream. From the bloodstream, the virus attacks the intestine or the heart. An infected puppy will usually be lethargic, with vomiting and/or often bloody and bad-smelling diarrhoea. If you notice these symptoms, get to the vet at once. Your puppy might pull through with intensive (but expensive) treatment. Fortunately, Parvo can be prevented. Parvo is included in the normal set of vaccines received at 6 to 8 weeks old, with a booster a few weeks later. Until your puppy is vaccinated, keep them inside for the time being.

Parasites

There are all sort of internal and external parasites that can infect dogs (and humans too!): Giardia, Heartworm, Coccidia, Fleas, Ticks, Worms, and so on. You can purchase suitable medicines to get rid of and prevent the major parasites: ticks, fleas, and worms. If your puppy contracts a nastier parasite like Giardia, you’ll need to go to your vet for tests and a formal diagnosis in order to receive proper treatment.

Distemper

Caused by the Canine Distemper Virus, this disease is spread through inhalation and contact with sick animals’ faeces and bodily fluids. Puppies, especially sickly ones from puppy mills, can easily be infected with the virus. Less than a week after contracting it, the virus will spread rapidly around the dog’s body. Affected dogs are feverish, with a clear discharge coming from their nose and eyes. After a week, the discharge becomes thicker, yellow, and crusty, and the dog will develop other symptoms as the virus attacks the brain and spinal cord. The dog also develops sores on the abdomen, and the paw pads become hardened; hence the other name for distemper “Hard Pad”. There is no cure for distemper; some dogs are lucky and will survive if they receive veterinary care in time, but many dogs die. With this disease, once again prevention is key. There is a vaccine for Canine Distemper, and your puppy can be vaccinated as young as 6 to 8 weeks old., generally followed by a booster a few weeks later.

Kennel Cough

Kennel Cough is a very contagious respirator disease. Dogs often catch it when staying at boarding kennels, dog parks, dog shows, or any area with a large number of dogs. It’s caused by the bacteria Bordetella bronchiseptica and Canine Para-Influenza Virus, and causes a dry, honking cough that gets worse with exercise. Having Kennel Cough also puts your pup at a higher risk of catching another infection, since Kennel Cough lowers their defences to disease. Mild cases of Kennel Cough will get better with time, but the disease can be serious. Puppies, with their undeveloped immune systems, are more at risk than most dogs, and can get seriously ill. Kennel Cough can mostly be prevented with a vaccine; this vaccine doesn’t provide total protection, but does reduce the risk significantly. Depending on the dog’s age and particular circumstances, they might not need a vaccine unless they are going into “risky” places crowded with dogs, such as dog shows or boarding kennels.


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In case you plan to breed your dog or participate in dog shows, it is necessary to transfer your dog’s original FCI registered pedigree to a kennel club in your country. We provide you with the option to export your dog’s pedigree which you can present to your kennel club to obtain a local registration.

Basic Socialization Training - The Puppy Preschool

In this Puppy Training programme, your puppy will receive one hour of training per day with our Expert Trainer. It is the ideal program for those who wish to welcome home a puppy that knows the very basics, but wishes to teach the hardier stuff themselves. Our Team will send you weekly updates on your puppy’s progress in the form of videos. At the end of the training, your puppy will receive a certificate as proof of completing the programme.

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The following is needed to bring a puppy into Dubai:


  1. All dogs entering Dubai from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Dubai must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Dubai must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Dubai specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Dubai must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Dubai must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Dubai.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Abu Dhabi:


  1. All dogs entering Abu Dhabi from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Abu Dhabi must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Abu Dhabi specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Abu Dhabi must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Abu Dhabi.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Hong Kong:


  1. All dogs entering Hong Kong must be at least 3 months old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Hong Kong must be equipped with either a 9 or 15-digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Hong Kong must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Valid for up to 6 months.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Hong Kong specific vaccinations: Canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine parvovirus and rabies.
  5. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Hong Kong.
  6. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.
  7. Captain’s Affidavit – Document to be provided by the airline personnel confirming that your dog has not left its crate or interacted with other pets at any point during the journey.


* Hong Kong classifies countries into 3 groups. Vaccinations against rabies are only required from Groups 2 & 3.
  • Group 1: Rabies-free countries (at least 6 months of residency) Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Bailiwick of Jersey.
  • Group 2: Rabies-controlled (at least 4 months of residency) Austria, Bahrain, Bermuda, Canada, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Guam, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Vanuatu, Bahamas, Belgium, Brunei, Cayman Island, Denmark, France, Gibraltar, Iceland, Jamaica, Maldives, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands, USA (Continental), Virgin Islands.
  • Group 3: All other countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Switzerland:


  1. All pets entering Switzerland must be equipped with a 15-digit microchip that is compliant with ISO 11784/11785.
  2. Dogs must be vaccinated against distemper.
  3. Rabies vaccinations are mandatory. Dogs must receive their first rabies vaccine at least 21 days before entering the country.*
  4. The state veterinarian of the origin country must equip the dog with a valid Health Certificate.
  5. Import Permit – all dogs entering from a 3rd level rabies country must carry an import permit issued at least three weeks in advance. Entry points through Basel, Geneva, Zurich.
  6. Different regulations depending on whether it is a commercial purchase or individual and where the dog is coming from.


* Specifications differ for booster shots. ** Switzerland categorises countries by level of risk of rabies in three levels.
  • Level 1: All EU Member States and Andorra, Switzerland, Faeroe Islands, Gibraltar, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Northern Ireland, Norway, San Marino, Vatican City State.
  • Level 2 (Low Risk of Rabies): Ascension Island, United Arab Emirates, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Aruba, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda,Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Curaçao, Fiji, Falkland Islands, Great Britain (including Crown dependencies), Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Saint Lucia, North Macedonia, Montserrat, Mauritius, Mexico, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Russia, Singapore, Saint Helena, Sint Marteen, Trinidad and Tobago, Taiwan, United States of America, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna.
  • Level 3: All other countries are considered as having a high risk of rabies.
Travel Requirements