Toxic Plants to Dogs, Poisonous Species Your Dog Should Not Taste

Poisonous, toxic plants to dogs

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Toxic Plants to Dogs, Poisonous Species Your Dog Should Not Taste

Trees, shrubs, plants, flowers: beautiful, aromatic, colourful. You can find plants both inside and outside the home. You probably know some of the poisonous, toxic plants to dogs in your area, but you may not know which species are dangerous or even deadly to your dog. Plenty of house, park, and garden plants can poison your pooch. Here are ten toxic plants for dog parents to watch out for:

Castor bean (Ricinus communis):

castor-bean-toxic plants to dogs
Castor bean

The red stems and broad leaves of this tall plant make it striking and attractive. It is often planted in gardens; however, you may not have realised exactly how poisonous it is. The seeds, which have a marbled appearance, contain Ricinin and Ricin. If ingested, these alkaloid poisons lead to vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, convulsions, organ failure, and death.

Calla Lily (Zantedeschia aethopica):

calla-lily-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Calla lily

This beautiful white lily grows near streams and ponds, and smells fragrant. Although eating the Calla Lily will not kill your dog, you should still keep the flowers out of his or her reach, as this lily contains Calcium oxalate in its roots, as well as cyanogenic glycosides and alkaloids. A dog could easily dig up the roots and eat them by mistake. The lily’s poisons will irritate your dog’s skin, gums and eyelids, causing a swollen throat and leading to difficulty swallowning.

Foxgloves (Digitalis species):

foxgloves-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Foxgloves

Don’t be fooled by the cute name: these flowers have dark side. Foxgloves grow in forests and wastelands, though you can also get cultivated specimens in gardens. Despite their beautiful bell-like flowers, Foxgloves contain poisons known as Steroid glycosides in their leaves and seeds. Although these substances are often used in small amounts in medicine, accidentally ingesting them leads to abdominal pains, vomiting, cardiac failure or even death.

Mistletoe (Viscum album):

Mistletoe-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Mistletoe

This European species mostly grows on oak trees, and is often used as a Christmas decoration, along with its American cousin Phoradendron flavescens. Mistletoe’s sticky white berries and its leaves contain Viscotoxin and Viscumin. Though mistletoe usually grows high above the ground, your dog could eat or lick the fallen leaves or berries – especially if you’re using it as a Christmas decoration in your home, as it’s possible for the berries and leaves to contaminate your dog’s food or water. Mistletoe has similar effects as the Castor Bean, but much milder, with symptoms such as loss of coordination and respiratory problems.

Deadly Nightshade (Atropa belladonna):

deadly-nightshade-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Deadly nightshade

This plant’s Latin name means beautiful woman, as the Romans used this plant to make their pupils larger and more alluring. Today this plant serves a medicinal purpose, but you may stumble across it growning in the woods when walking your dog. If your dog accidentally eats the plant or berries, it will ingest Scopolamin, Hyoscyamin, and Atropin poison. These cause dry mouth, dilated pupils, rapid pulse and breathing, spasms, paralysis, and eventually death from respiratory failure.

Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis):

lily-of-the-valley-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Lily of the valley

The delicate petals and tiny flowers of this garden plant mask its poisonous nature. Lily of the Valley contains cardiac glycosides in the leaves, flowers, and seeds. These poisons have similar effects to Foxglove poisons, such as abdominal pain, heart failure, or death. Lily of the Valley is especially dangerous because it can transfer its poisons to water, meaning that if kept in a vase, the vase water becomes poisonous.

Tulips (Tulipa species):

tulip-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Tulip

This is a popular garden plant usually associated with the Netherlands, though in the wild it grows in Eurasia and North Africa. Tulips contain allergenic lactones, which are particularly concentrated in the bulb. A digging dog can easily unearth the bulb and may chew or eat it. The lactones lead to irritation of the mouth and oesophagus. A poisoned dog may show symptoms such as drooling, vomiting, or diarrhoea. Large amounts of poison can lead to heart and breathing problems.

Oleander (Nerium oleander):

Oleander-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Oleander

Evergreen, brightly coloured . . . and deadly poisonous. The entire plant contains the cardiac glycosides oleandrin and oleadrigenin. Eating oleander leaves or flowers can lead to sever vomiting, slow heart rate, and even death. Even licking the plant or drinking water that has contained an Oleander can lead to mild systems.

Buttercups (Ranunculaceae family):

buttercup-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Buttercup

Buttercups are hardy little flowers, and can grow in meadows, marshes, woods, and wastelands, to name just a few of their habitats. The brightly coloured flowers may seem harmless, and indeed the dried plants are harmless, but fresh buttercups contain Ranunculin glycosides: poisons which cause a variety of symptoms ranging from irritation of the gut and skin to vomiting, and dark diarrhoea, to inflamed kidneys, paralysis, and spasms.

Garden lupin (Lupinus polyphyllus):

garden-lupin-toxic-plants-to-dogs
Garden lupin

A member of the pea family, the Garden Lupin is a popular and pretty garden flower, and also grows wild in woodland. However, Lupins can cause Lupinism and Mycotoxic lupinosis. Lupinism is due to the quinolizidine alkaloids in the plant, leading to falling, convulsions, and respiratory difficulty. Mycotoxic lupinism leads to liver disorders such as cirrhosis. An affected dog may be weak and lacking in appetite.


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The following is needed to bring a puppy into Dubai:


  1. All dogs entering Dubai from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Dubai must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Dubai must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Dubai specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Dubai must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Dubai must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Dubai.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Abu Dhabi:


  1. All dogs entering Abu Dhabi from a low-risk country at least 15 weeks old, and those entering from a high-risk country must be at least 27 weeks old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Abu Dhabi must be equipped with either a 9 or 15 digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment. Valid for 30 days.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Abu Dhabi specific vaccinations: Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvo Virus, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Rabies.
  5. Rabies Titer Test * – All dogs entering Abu Dhabi must be tested for rabies no later than 14 days before the planned travel date. ( Only from specific
  6. Parasite check - All pets travelling to Abu Dhabi must receive preventive treatments against internal and external parasites in the 14 days before travel by an authorised and competent vet.
  7. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Abu Dhabi.
  8. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


* The United Arab Emirates classifies all countries into two rabies categories:
  • Low-risk countries: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Falkland Island, Fiji, Finland, French Polynesia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montenegro, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Portugal, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK, and Vanuatu.
  • High-risk countries: All other countries are considered high-risk countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Hong Kong:


  1. All dogs entering Hong Kong must be at least 3 months old.
  2. Microchip – All dogs entering and residing in Hong Kong must be equipped with either a 9 or 15-digit microchip.
  3. Import Permit – All dogs entering Hong Kong must be equipped with a Special Permit from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Valid for up to 6 months.
  4. Vaccinations* – Depending on the country of origin, your pet might need a rabies shot on top of all the age appropriate vaccinations. Hong Kong specific vaccinations: Canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine parvovirus and rabies.
  5. Health Check – A Health Check by a veterinarian is mandatory in order to obtain permissions to enter Hong Kong.
  6. Pet Passport – This document verifies that the puppy is fully healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.
  7. Captain’s Affidavit – Document to be provided by the airline personnel confirming that your dog has not left its crate or interacted with other pets at any point during the journey.


* Hong Kong classifies countries into 3 groups. Vaccinations against rabies are only required from Groups 2 & 3.
  • Group 1: Rabies-free countries (at least 6 months of residency) Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Bailiwick of Jersey.
  • Group 2: Rabies-controlled (at least 4 months of residency) Austria, Bahrain, Bermuda, Canada, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Guam, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Vanuatu, Bahamas, Belgium, Brunei, Cayman Island, Denmark, France, Gibraltar, Iceland, Jamaica, Maldives, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands, USA (Continental), Virgin Islands.
  • Group 3: All other countries.
** Only for puppies from high-risk countries
Travel Requirements

The following is needed to bring a puppy into Switzerland:


  1. All pets entering Switzerland must be equipped with a 15-digit microchip that is compliant with ISO 11784/11785.
  2. Dogs must be vaccinated against distemper.
  3. Rabies vaccinations are mandatory. Dogs must receive their first rabies vaccine at least 21 days before entering the country.*
  4. The state veterinarian of the origin country must equip the dog with a valid Health Certificate.
  5. Import Permit – all dogs entering from a 3rd level rabies country must carry an import permit issued at least three weeks in advance. Entry points through Basel, Geneva, Zurich.
  6. Different regulations depending on whether it is a commercial purchase or individual and where the dog is coming from.


* Specifications differ for booster shots. ** Switzerland categorises countries by level of risk of rabies in three levels.
  • Level 1: All EU Member States and Andorra, Switzerland, Faeroe Islands, Gibraltar, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Northern Ireland, Norway, San Marino, Vatican City State.
  • Level 2 (Low Risk of Rabies): Ascension Island, United Arab Emirates, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Aruba, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda,Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Curaçao, Fiji, Falkland Islands, Great Britain (including Crown dependencies), Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Saint Lucia, North Macedonia, Montserrat, Mauritius, Mexico, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Russia, Singapore, Saint Helena, Sint Marteen, Trinidad and Tobago, Taiwan, United States of America, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna.
  • Level 3: All other countries are considered as having a high risk of rabies.
Travel Requirements